And this is not even why I like Greece. Pavlopetri is about 5,000 years old and the oldest submerged lost city in the Mediterranean sea. In 1967, Nic Flemming, a researcher with the University of Southampton, came across remains several feet below the water off the coast of southern Greece. After initial work in the 1960s, the site went rather unstudied until the early 2000s.
It is after the Pavlopetri Underwater Archaeology Project team dove into the water to find Streets, courtyards, buildings and gravestones lead up to nearby Pavlopetri Island, where the settlement clearly once sat. Ancient walls still line the land. Researchers think, the buildings date back to the Mycenaeans ancient Greeks thriving at the end of the Bronze Age from 1650 to 1180 B.C. Today, the site is a UNESCO designation, as a World Monument Watch Site. Basically, this label should help protect the ancient city from ships, anchors, pollution and construction.
Dating back to nearly 7,500 to 8,000 years, the site of Atlit-Yam off the coast of northern Israel has revealed itself by an impressive amount of materials under water. House foundations, hearths, tools, flint, animal remains and human graves are found in a 10 acre land. Dating to a time when our ancestors were just starting to settle down in one place to grow grains, Atlit residents have dug a well that is 50 feet of water. Two individuals are buried on the site, likely a woman and her infant who show genetic markings of tuberculosis infections, making them the oldest human tuberculosis patients yet found.
Believed to be underwater since the 8th century the Heracleion has a story to tell. Said to be a major port welcoming ships as they entered the Nile’s delta, Heracleion or Thonis depending on if you’re using the Greek or Egyptian name, supposedly is the location where Herakles (or Hercules) first stepped on Egyptian land. Where the hero walked is long gone. Archaeologists are using sonar to detect what lies beneath the sea bed. And not surprisingly they have identified dozens of boats and hundreds of anchors, incense burners, jewelry and supplies needed for temple worship. Also 18-foot granite statues of Egyptian gods have come out of the water.
This one is a fully fledged city. It is said that the Romans used Baiae for parties and getaways. emperors added palaces and pools. You can still visit Baiae but to enjoy their spa, you need to go deep into the ocean. The city is believed to be operated for 2000 years. Those extravagant parties had to come to an end when the activity beneath the Earth’s crust in the region moves the land up and down and the undulations eventually put part of Baiae underwater.
Until recently Dwaraka was a mythical story which is the kingdom built by Lord Krishna. Home to 700,000 palaces made of gold, silver and precious stones, was all the stuff of myth. Until in 2000 India’s National Institute of Ocean Technology discovered ruins 131 feet below the surface of the Gulf of Khambhat. Since then many artifacts, pottery, sculpture, evidence of structures have shown up. The carbon dation of human bones found in the underwater city of Dwaraka goes back to 9,500 years ago. Making all the other archeological sites to stand in the line behind.