Calcata is a small medieval town in central Italy, located about 50 kilometers north of Rome. It is situated on a hill overlooking the valley of the Treja river, and it is surrounded by a beautiful natural landscape. Calcata is known for its charming narrow streets, ancient buildings, and rich history. This travel guide will provide you with all the information you need to plan your trip to Calcata, including its history, attractions, food, and accommodation.
Calcata has a long and rich history, dating back to the Etruscan period. The town was built on a rocky outcrop and was strategically positioned to control the valley of the Treja river. During the Middle Ages, Calcata was a thriving center of commerce and culture, and it played an important role in the conflicts between the Papacy and the Holy Roman Empire.
In the 16th century, Calcata became a fiefdom of the powerful Orsini family, who transformed the town into a fortified stronghold. However, during the 17th and 18th centuries, Calcata fell into decline and was largely abandoned. In the 20th century, the town was rediscovered by artists and hippies, who were attracted by its bohemian atmosphere and picturesque architecture.
Calcata is a fascinating place to explore, with its winding alleys, ancient churches, and stunning views. Here are some of the town’s top attractions
The Historic Center: The heart of Calcata is its historic center, which is a labyrinth of narrow streets and alleyways lined with stone houses and medieval buildings. The town’s main square, Piazza dell’Orologio, is home to the clock tower that dates back to the 17th century.
The Castle: The Orsini Castle is one of Calcata’s most prominent landmarks. The castle dates back to the 10th century and was expanded in the 16th century by the Orsini family. Today, the castle houses a museum dedicated to the history of Calcata and the surrounding area.
The Church of San Giovanni Battista: This beautiful church dates back to the 12th century and features a Romanesque bell tower and a stunning fresco by the artist Antonio Tempesta.
The Church of Santa Maria Assunta: This church is located at the top of the hill and offers panoramic views of the valley below. The church features a beautiful Baroque altar and a 15th-century fresco of the Madonna and Child.
The Treja Valley Nature Reserve: The Treja Valley is a beautiful natural area that surrounds Calcata. The reserve features hiking trails, waterfalls, and stunning views of the valley.
Calcata is known for its delicious food, which is made from locally sourced ingredients and traditional recipes. Here are some of the town’s top dishes:
Pecorino Romano: This is a type of hard cheese that is made from sheep’s milk. It is a staple of the local cuisine and is often served with pasta or as a topping for salads.
Porchetta: This is a traditional Italian roast pork dish that is seasoned with herbs and spices. It is a popular street food in Calcata and is often served in sandwiches or as a main course.
Cacio e Pepe: This is a classic Roman pasta dish that is made with pecorino cheese and black pepper. It is a simple but delicious dish that is popular in Calcata and throughout the region.
Cannoli: These are sweet pastries that are filled with ricotta cheese and dusted with powdered sugar. They are a popular dessert in Calcata and throughout Italy.
Calcata is a small town, but it offers a variety of accommodation options for visitors. Here are some of the best places to stay in Calcata:
Albergo Diffuso: This is a unique type of accommodation that is scattered throughout the historic center of Calcata. Albergo Diffuso Calcata is a collection of apartments and rooms that have been restored and renovated to preserve the town’s medieval architecture. Each room is individually decorated and offers modern amenities such as Wi-Fi and air conditioning.
Il Roseto: This charming bed and breakfast is located just outside of Calcata’s historic center and offers stunning views of the valley below. The rooms are elegantly decorated and feature traditional Italian furnishings. The property also has a beautiful garden where guests can relax and enjoy the scenery.
La Pergola: This family-run hotel is located in the heart of Calcata’s historic center and offers comfortable rooms with traditional Italian decor. The hotel also has a restaurant that serves delicious local cuisine and a bar where guests can enjoy a drink.
Casa delle Rose: This cozy guesthouse is located just outside of Calcata and offers peaceful surroundings and comfortable rooms. The property features a garden and a terrace where guests can relax and enjoy the views.
Getting there and around
The easiest way to get to Calcata is by car. The town is located about 50 kilometers north of Rome and is easily accessible via the A1 motorway. If you prefer to travel by public transportation, there are regular trains from Rome to nearby towns such as Civita Castellana and Capranica. From there, you can take a bus or taxi to Calcata.
Once you are in Calcata, the best way to get around is on foot. The town’s historic center is pedestrianized, so you can explore the narrow streets and alleys without worrying about traffic. If you want to explore the surrounding area, there are several hiking trails and cycling routes that you can follow.
Calcata is a hidden gem in central Italy that is well worth a visit. The town’s rich history, stunning architecture, and delicious food make it a perfect destination for anyone who loves art, culture, and nature. Whether you are looking for a romantic getaway, a family vacation, or a solo adventure, Calcata has something to offer. So pack your bags and get ready to discover one of Italy’s most charming towns.